SRM Journal of Research in Dental Sciences

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 114--118

Demographic and clinicopathological profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients of North India: A retrospective institutional study


Aanchal Tandon1, Bharadwaj Bordoloi1, Rohit Jaiswal1, Abhinav Srivastava2, Rajeev Bhushan Singh1, Uzma Shafique1 
1 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Sardar Patel Postgraduate Institute of Dental and Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Bharadwaj Bordoloi
Rajdhani Apartment 1, 2b Housefed, Dispur, Guwahati - 781 006, Assam
India

Background: Oral cancer is one of the ten most common cancers in the world. In India, it is the most common cancer among male and the third most common among female population. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively the epidemiologic profile of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Method: The study sample comprised of ninety eight biopsies diagnosed as OSCC. The clinical and histopathological features were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Student's t test and chi-square test. Results: Male to female ratio was 3.26:1. Mean age was 51.35 ± 14.39 years and 55.35 ± 8.87 years in males and females, respectively. The most common site of occurrence was buccal mucosa and gingivo-buccal sulcus (GBS). Most of the cases (66.32%) were well-differentiated OSCC. In most of the cases (66.32%) the diagnosis was made within 2-6 months of onset of symptoms. Conclusion: In India, OSCC is a major health problem. Strategies must be made to improve the present scenario of health care service, where Government-run health care centers are burdened with ever-increasing patient pool and to avail treatment in such centers is always a compromise with time and health. Effective oral health programs for spread of knowledge and awareness, prevention, early diagnosis and management, and follow up of oral cancer must be implemented.


How to cite this article:
Tandon A, Bordoloi B, Jaiswal R, Srivastava A, Singh RB, Shafique U. Demographic and clinicopathological profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients of North India: A retrospective institutional study.SRM J Res Dent Sci 2018;9:114-118


How to cite this URL:
Tandon A, Bordoloi B, Jaiswal R, Srivastava A, Singh RB, Shafique U. Demographic and clinicopathological profile of oral squamous cell carcinoma patients of North India: A retrospective institutional study. SRM J Res Dent Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2023 Feb 1 ];9:114-118
Available from: https://www.srmjrds.in/article.asp?issn=0976-433X;year=2018;volume=9;issue=3;spage=114;epage=118;aulast=Tandon;type=0