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Year : 2023  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 17-22

Assessment of clinical and psychological parameters in pre- and post-menopausal women: A cross-sectional study

1 Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, INHS Asvini, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Surekha Ramrao Rathod
Department of Periodontics and Implantology, VSPM Dental College and Research Centre, Digdoh Hills, Hingna Road, Nagpur, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_106_22

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Background: Literature evidence on periodontal disease-associated microorganism in pre-and postmenopausal women suggest a complicated relationship between steroid hormones, periodontal tissues, and microorganism. Aim: The objective of the study was to assess and contrast the periodontal health condition and quality of life (QoL) of pre-and postmenopausal women. Materials and Methods: 100 patients were divided into four groups, i.e., healthy pre-menopausal, periodontitis pre-menopausal, healthy post-menopausal, and periodontitis post-menopausal. Periodontal parameters such as Gingival Index (GI), Plaque Index (PI), Probing Pocket Depth, Clinical attachment levels, Simplified Oral hygiene index, and a Utian QoL questionnaire were filled by the patients. The differences between three groups were analyzed using a one-way ANOVA test at baseline and 3 months, followed by a post hoc Tukey test. Results: The PI, GI, and Simplified Oral Hygiene Index levels were significantly different between healthy premenopausal and postmenopausal subjects. QoL scores were compared between the healthy premenopausal and healthy postmenopausal subjects, among which no statistically significant difference was found with P = 0.705 when compared between the positive questions score and P = 0.730 when compared between the negative questions score of the two groups. Conclusion: This study shows that there is no relation between menopause and QoL in women with periodontitis before and after menopause.

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