Print this page Email this page | Users Online: 275
Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 121-126

Are smokeless tobacco products less harmful than smoking tobacco products?: A Review

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr.D.Y.Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr.D.Y.Patil Vidyapeeth, Pimpri, Pune, India
2 Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Reader, S.R.M Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Monika Srivastav
2nd Floor, Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Dr. DY Patil Dental College and Hospital, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Sant Tukaram Nagar, Mahesh Nagar, Pimpri - 411 018, Pune
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_87_22

Rights and Permissions

Background: The common belief amongst the consumers of smokeless tobacco products is Smokeless Tobacco Products (STPs) are not hazardous as smoking tobacco. Any form of tobacco consumed is addictive and the nicotine absorbed from these products is manifold higher than the nicotine produced and delivered from a cigarette. Aim: The aim of this narrative review is to consolidate and summarize the data from various studies to find out whether smokeless tobacco products are less harmful than smoking tobacco products or vice-versa. Method: A comprehensive literature search was conducted using various databases like EBSCO, Google scholar, Pubmed, Embase from 1957 to 2021. The keywords used for search was 'smokeless tobacco products', 'bacterial population AND smokeless tobacco products', 'water content, pH in STP'. Result: In total, 52 articles were selected to analyze the parameters, which proved increasing carcinogenicity in smokeless tobacco products. Various parameters were analyzed which include pH, water content, manufacturing procedure of STP and microbial population in smokeless tobacco products. Conclusion: The literature search suggests that the microbial population in smokeless tobacco products acts as a cascading series of events in carcinogenesis and other opportunistic infections and concludes that smokeless tobacco products are equally harmful as smoking tobacco products.

Print this article     Email this article
Next article
Previous article
Table of Contents

Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
Citation Manager
Access Statistics
Reader Comments
Email Alert*
Add to My List*
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded23    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal