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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 123-127

Prevalence of temporomandibular joint disorders in patients: An institutional-based study

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana, India
2 Department of Public Health Dentistry, Inderprastha Dental College and Hospital, Sahibabad, Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Sumit Bhateja
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Manav Rachna Dental College, Faridabad, Haryana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_28_20

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Background: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders symbolize a multifactorial malady which manifests as a painful condition in the orofacial region and have a high prevalence rate among different populations. Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of TMJ disorders among patient visiting the outpatient department (OPD) of a private dental college situated in Haryana. Materials and Methods: A total of 30,000 people visiting the OPD of Manav Rachna Dental College were screened for a period of 6 months, and out of them, 130 patients were having temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). Five parameters were assessed, and positive as well as negative findings were recorded. The collected data were subjected to statistical analysis, and P = 0.05 was considered a set point. Results: Females were found to be more affected with TMDs than males in the age group ranging from 37 to 46 years. Joint tenderness was the most common symptom among the parameters that were analyzed. Conclusion: Dental professionals ought to teach and persuade the patients to take up preventive measures and early treatment to maintain a strategic distance from further manifestations that fill in as forerunners to TMJ disorders.

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