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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-23

Prevalence of dental caries, gingival disease, and periodontal disease in Bihar population: A community-based research

1 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
2 Department of Orthodontics, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences, Patna, Bihar, India
3 Department of Dentistry, AIIMS, Patna, Bihar, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Kriti Singh
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Buddha Institute of Dental Sciences, Patna, Bihar
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_93_19

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Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of dental caries, gingival diseases, and periodontal disease among the rural population of Bihar, India. Materials and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on a total sample size of 8200 people with an age group of 20–60 years. Dental caries, gingival health, and periodontal health were recorded using the modified World Health Organization pro forma (1997). Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and one-way analysis of variance were applied. Results: Among 8200 patients, the highest incidence of cases was seen in dental caries that is 5800 patients. Two thousand and two hundred patients were having poor gingival status and 2000 patients were suffering from periodontal diseases. Periodontal diseases were significantly more common among people with no education (P = 0.02) and significant in males (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The findings of this study provided a discernment into the gingival health status, periodontal health status, and the prevalence of dental caries of rural population, which may be useful in planning oral health programs and free services and dental treatment, especially to this rural sector.

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