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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 10  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 21-25

Prevalence of detected soft tissue calcifications on digital panoramic radiographs

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Selcuklu, Konya, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Derya Icoz
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Selcuklu, Konya
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_60_18

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Objectives: Some calcifications of the head and neck region may be seen on dental panoramic images due to the superimpositions and proximity of structures. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the prevalence of soft tissue calcifications observed on digital panoramic images and the relationship of the calcifications with age and gender. Materials and Methods: Four thousand two hundred and sixty-three digital dental panoramic radiographs of the individuals aged between 6 and 89 who had visited the faculty of dentistry for different oral and dental complaints were evaluated retrospectively and detected calcifications were recorded with the age and gender information. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, Pearson Chi-squared, and independent samples t-test. Results: Two hundred and seventy calcifications (6.4%) were detected in the whole study population. Observed calcification types were tonsillolith (2.5%), carotid artery calcification (2.3%), sialolith (1%), and calcified lymph node (0.6%). The prevalence of calcifications for all types increased with age (P < 0.001). Conclusions: The prevalence of calcifications seen on the dental panoramic images is relatively rare, but the detection during routine dental examinations is important in terms of the need for more detailed evaluation of the patients.

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