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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-31

Association of dermatoglyphics with dental caries and oral hygiene status


1 Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Dental Materials, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India
3 Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India
4 Department of Conservative Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Smitha Sammith Shetty
Department of Oral Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Melaka Manipal Medical College, Manipal Campus, Manipal, Karnataka
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/srmjrds.srmjrds_65_17

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Introduction: Dermatoglyphics has proved to be a helpful adjunct in identifying specific syndromes of genetic origin. The significant etiological role of genetics and plaque in dental caries provides us the scope to explore the correlation between dermatoglyphics, dental caries, and dental plaque. Aims: This study aims to explore the association between dermatoglyphics, dental caries, and oral hygiene status. Materials and Methods: A total of 168 students were included in the study. The participants were examined and assessed for decayed-missing-filled eeth (DMFT) and plaque index score. The bilateral thumb impression was recorded and categorized based on type of pattern. Results: Statistical significant association was seen between the dermatoglyphics and dental caries experience (P < 0.05). Loop pattern was associated with high DMFT score. Individuals with arch pattern were found to be caries free. Association of dermatoglyphics with plaque index scores did not reveal statistical significant esults. Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics serves as a diagnostic tool in predicting dental caries at an early age and hence preventive treatment strategies can be planned.


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