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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 53-57

Evaluation of the frequency and demographic profile of inflammatory dentigerous cyst in Central Indian population

1 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Ritesh Kalaskar
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Government Dental College and Hospital, Nagpur, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-433X.182658

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Objective: Inflammatory dentigerous cysts (IDCs) are the most common cysts of inflammatory origin involving immature unerupted premolars or incisors. These cysts develop as a result of intrafollicular spread of periapical inflammation from an overlying nonvital primary tooth. Recently, many case reports have been reported in the literature indicating their presence at an early age. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency and demographic profile of IDCs in Central Indian population. Materials and Methods: Retrospective observation of the study was made on 112 IDCs from 6625 new children reporting to the Department of Pediatric Dentistry. Following variables were recorded: Frequency, demographic profile, radiographic features, treatment, and risk factors. Descriptive analysis was made of study variables using the SPSS Version 21.0. Results: The frequency of IDC was found to be 1.7% in Central Indian population. There was male predominance with a mean age of 8.8 years. Posterior mandibular region was the most common site followed by maxillary posterior. Marsupialization was the most commonly used treatment modality. Conclusion: Oral healthcare professionals should be aware of the frequency, demographic profile, and radiographical features of IDCs so that early diagnosis and definitive treatment of these lesions can be planned.

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