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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 225-229

Patient satisfaction and complication rates after delivery of removable partial dentures: A 4-year retrospective study

Department of Prosthodontics, Dental Materials Research Center, College of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Saeid Tavanafar
Department of Prosthodontics, College of Dentistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-433X.170247

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Background: Patients' satisfaction and complication rates of removable partial dentures (RPDs) can affect patient acceptance and compliance in using RPDs. This study aims to determine complication and satisfaction rates in patients wearing RPDs. Materials and Methods: Patients that were treated with RPDs at the Prosthodontic Department in the last 4 years (2010-2014) were invited for a clinical examination. Demographic information and RPD characteristics (Kennedy classification; edentulous jaw: Upper versus lower; clinician: General dental students or prosthodontic residents; denture type: Cobalt-chromium or full acrylic) were recorded. The patients' satisfaction was measured on the basis of four criteria: Mastication, esthetic appearance, speech, and comfort components by a visual analog scale. Data were analyzed by SPSS version 18 using Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (P < 0.05). Results: A total of 60 patients (30 men and 30 women, age range, 37-64 years) were evaluated. The most common complications were food impaction (68.3%), ridge resorption (63.3%), loss of support (36.7%), abutment caries (36.7%), loss of retention (35%), and pain and discomfort (30%). The patients reported a moderate level of satisfaction (6.2 out of 10). Higher satisfaction scores were significantly associated with older age, upper RPDs, and RPDs fabricated by prosthodontic residents (P < 0.05). Gender, Kennedy classification, and denture type had no significant effect on patient satisfaction (P > 0.05). Conclusion: The findings of this study revealed that RPD complications were not uncommon. The clinicians' experience can influence postinsertion patient satisfaction and complication rates.

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