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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 5-10

Dental Esthetic Index of in vitro fertilization children Of West Bengal: An epidemiological study

Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, Guru Nanak Institute of Dental Science and Research, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Sudipta Kar
21F, Charakdanga Road, Uttarpara, Hooghly - 712 258, West Bengal
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-433X.149554

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Context: Malocclusion is the second most common of the dental diseases in children and young adults. It should be identified at its earliest to prevent the further derangement. The prevalence and severity of malocclusion among in vitro fertilization (IVF) children of West Bengal was not documented till date. Aims: The aim of this study is to evaluate the orthodontic status and treatment need of IVF children of West Bengal using dental esthetic index (DAI). Settings and Design: In a cross-sectional case control study, 251 IVF children and 251 spontaneously conceived children in the age group of 12-14 years who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were considered. Materials and Methods: The information of the samples was collected using a predesigned questionnaire by a single examiner using criteria of DAI (World Health Organization oral health assessment form 1997) The case group consisted of term, singleton babies who were the outcome of IVF in the studied area in 2009-2011. The control group consisted of spontaneously conceived children of the same area. Statistical analysis used: Statistical analysis was carried out using Z-test. Results: No statistically significant difference found in studied (IVF children) and control group (spontaneously conceived children) except when comparing anterior maxillary irregularity in 0 mm category 1-2 mm category and molar relationship in one full cusp category the results are statistically significant at P < 0.05. Conclusions: IVF children are considered nearly same as spontaneously conceived children when studied according to DAI except in three categories. So they may be treated in the same manner as like spontaneously conceived children with a little bit of more precaution because they are more precious to their parent.

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