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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-45

A Review of fluoride and its diverse effects

1 Department of Oral Pathology, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, India
2 Department of Molecular Medicine, Penang International College, VMU, Salem, India
3 Department of Oral Pathology, SRU, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
4 Department of Pedodontics, Vinayaka Missions Sankarachariyar Dental College, Salem, India

Correspondence Address:
Maya Ramesh
100, Nagaramalai Road, Kittu Residency, Alagapuram, Salem - 636 016, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0976-433X.129072

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Increased intake of fluoride in water and diet results in dental and skeletal fluorosis. Many states in India are affected by fluorosis. The optimum level of fluoride in drinking water for anti-cariogenic effect was thought to be 1 ppm. Various effects of fluoride on plants, animals and humans are discussed here. Currently, it is identified that fluoride has significant role in gene polymorphisms and lowered intelligent quotient.

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